The philosophy of osteopathy was created by the American doctor Andrew Taylor Still (1828-1917) in Kirksville, United States of America in 1874.
Dr. Andrew Taylor Still
American School of Osteopathy,
In 1892 Dr. A.T. Still founded the American School of Osteopathy in Kirksville, Missouri. Today it is called Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine. Stills idea of osteopathy spread rapidly. One of his scholars, Dr. William Garner Sutherland (1873-1954intensively worked on the cranium and its connections and enriched osteopathy by adding the concept of craniosacral osteopathy (cranio-sacral system). Early attempts of palpation as well treatment of inner organs were revisited and developed further by the French osteopath Jean-Pierre Barral, D.O. in the 1980s. His ideas are referred to as visceral osteopathy (visceral system).
Thanks to Dr. John Martin Littlejohn (1865-1947) osteopathy arrived in Europe. He founded the first European school for osteopathy in London in 1917 being one of Still’s scholars. Starting from England, the concept of osteopathy was spread all over Europe.